Neurodevelopmental Disorders
David: Autism Spectrum Disorder (formerly Asperger’s)
Now classified as Autism Spectrum Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder is diagnosed when deficits in two main areas are seen: (1) problems in social interaction and communication; and (2) repetitive patterns in interests, activities, and behaviors. In Autism Spectrum Disorder, there is a deficit in interpreting social cues, and therefore, deficits in forming and maintaining meaningful social relationships. Reasoning and intuition are also seen as lacking in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Learning Objectives:
  • David is acutely aware of his diagnosis and his abilities. How does this awareness impact him in terms of biopsychosocial functioning? Provide 1 example of each area of functioning.
  • David’s lack of meaningful social relationships is not for a lack of emotion or sensitivity as they apply to others. While he cannot accurately understand what others are feeling, his own emotions are very powerful. Describe his emotions and how they impact him.
Expand Your Learning and Understanding:
  • David’s parents desperately want him to have meaningful social relationships and even a girlfriend. In interacting with David, what 3 things would you tell someone to be cognizant of, and to perhaps say or do, to increase understanding of the disorder and to increase the likelihood of a meaningful relationship being formed?
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
  • Jimmy: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • David: Autism Spectrum Disorder (formerly Asperger’s)
  • David: Living with Autism Spectrum Disorder (formerly Asperger's)
  • Xavier: Autism Spectrum Disorder